php: write php 8.4’s array_find from scratch

there’s an rfc vote currently underway for a number of new array functions in php8.4 (thanks to symfony station for pointing this out!). the proposal is for four new functions for finding and evaluating arrays using callables. the functions are:

  • array_find()
  • array_find_key()
  • array_any()
  • array_all()

the full details can be read here.

if we’re impatient, though, we can skip waiting for php8.4 and homeroll these ourselves.

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Posted by grant horwood, 0 comments

bash: splitting tarballs the ‘easy’ way

there are times when we tar and gzip a directory and the final tarball is just too damn big. maybe it doesn’t fit on any of those old thumbdrives we got at the 7-eleven, or maybe we’re trying to upload it to s3 and aws is complaining it’s too large.

let’s take a look at a quick and dirty way to split our tarballs into a bunch of smaller files of a set size.

segments of a 32gbh tarball everywhere
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Posted by grant horwood in linux, 0 comments

nginx: serving private files with X-Accel-Redirect

the problem is this: we have a bunch of files, pdfs say, on our webserver that we want people to download, but only if they’re registered users. everyone else gets 404s.

there’s no shortage of ways to homeroll a solution to this issue (i often use private s3 buckets), but perhaps the most elegant way is to configure nginx to do it for us. no vendor lock in with aws, no controller methods struggling under the weight of 50mb pdfs; just nginx serving files.

in this post, we’re going to go over how to use the nginx‘s X-Accel-Redirect header with a light sprinking of php to serve files from a restricted directory.

the "one does not simply walk into mordor" meme image
one does not simply download mordor.pdf from the server
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Posted by grant horwood in nginx, 0 comments

mysql: using the slow query log

the cold, hard truth is that the reason your web app or api is running slow is because of your database calls. you can migrate everything to frakenphp or put compression in your http server if you want, i’m not going to stop you, but if you want to shave whole seconds off your response times, you should take a hard look at all that janky sql and yolo orm queries you wrote.

the good news is that mysql has a tool to find and log your slow queries. it’s called the ‘slow query log’, basically the perfect name, and it comes pre-installed. let’s get it turned on, set up, and look at the output.

a developer discovering they’re really bad at writing sql
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Posted by grant horwood in mysql, 0 comments

managing disk space in bash

a week ago, i ran this db insert-heavy script on a server and forgot to turn off mysql‘s binlog feature first. the result, of course, is that i filled up the disk in about three minutes and brought the whole server down. not great for a tuesday. fortunately, finding and fixing the problem was straightforward. the downtime was only a couple of minutes.

in this post we’re going to go over inspecting our disk space; figuring out how much we have left and finding out what we spent all those blocks on. we’ll look at three basic tools:

df for inspecting disk space
du for getting directory sizes
find for finding files to delete these all come pre-packaged with your linux or linux-like operating system, so put that apt back in your pocket.

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Posted by grant horwood in linux, 0 comments

bash: uploading to s3 using curl

s3 is handy and useful, but it would be a lot more handy and useful if we had a shell script for pushing things to buckets; a script that didn’t require a special cli tool. something portable that we could add to existing scripts or throw in a cron job or distribute to our friends. a script that we could tell “put this file in this bucket” and it would just do that. that would be a good thing. let’s build that.

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Posted by grant horwood in aws, linux, 0 comments

making mysql STDOUT less (or more) of a mess

you’re doing some command line mysql work, something like piping in a query to mysql and dumping the output to STDOUT. what you want, of course, is some nicely-formatted output. what you get, instead, is hot trash like this:

$ echo "SELECT * FROM albums" | mysql record_collection_db
id  artist  tite
1   Bratmobile  Pottymouth
2   Coltrane, John  Giant Steps

fortunately, mysql has some built-in formatters to help the world make sense again.

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Posted by grant horwood in mysql